World Bulletin / News Desk
Egypt’s system of government in the proposed constitution will be semi-parliamentary, a presidential adviser for constitutional affairs has said.
In exclusive statements to Anadolu Agency on Tuesday, Ali Awad said the party with a parliamentary majority will form the government, while executive powers will be divided between the president and prime minister.
The revised charter will see the Shura Council (upper house of parliament) dissolved and legislative powers be given to the People’s Assembly (the lower house of parliament).
Article 2 and 3 of the suspended constitution will remain in the revised charter, while an explanatory article on sharia will be abolished, he added.
Article 2 of the suspended constitution states that "Islam is the religion of the state, Arabic is the official language and the principles of Sharia are the main source of legislation."
Article 3 also states that personal and religious affairs of Christians and Jews are governed by their laws.
Article 129 - which will be abolished - describes the "principles of Sharia" as all proofs, jurisprudential bases and sources agreed by the schools of Ahlu Sunnah and Gamaa.
Awad said that the proposed constitution will include 198 articles, down from 236 in the suspend charter after merging a number of articles related to independent bodies and scrapping others about the interim period such as the one related to the political isolation of members of ousted president Hosni Mubarak’s now-defunct National Democratic Party.
“There will be no political isolation whether to Mubarak-affiliated politicians or Muslim Brotherhood leaders,” he added.
Awad said all articles of the 2012 and 1971 constitutions related to the military establishment will remain in the revised charter.
He reiterated that the proposed constitution will not include an article setting the military establishment as a ‘guardian’ of the civil state.
Asked about banning religion-based parties, the presidential adviser said that the issue will be left to the party affairs committee to decide.
The presidential adviser said that articles related to the constitutional court have been abolished and provisions of the 1971 constitution about the court have been reinstalled.
Under the suspended constitution, the court judges have been reduced to 11, down from 19 under the 1971 Constitution.
The court powers were also restricted to only reviewing the constitutionality of laws before issuance, but it has no jurisprudence on reviewing laws after being issued.
Awad said the president will serve for a four-term term and may be re-elected once under the revised charter.
The president can be charged under a request supported by two-thirds of lawmakers when he violates the constitution or commits treason, he added.
Awad said that the president can not be toppled even if the people took to the streets against him.
Earlier Tuesday, the Egyptian Presidency said that amendments to the suspended constitutions have been finalized.Güncelleme Tarihi: 21 Ağustos 2013, 13:03