Three people were killed in unprecedented countrywide protests on Tuesday inspired by the revolt that brought down Tunisia's president, demanding an end to President Hosni Mubarak's 30-year rule.
Calm returned to the streets of Cairo at daybreak on Wednesday after a night and a day of unprecedented demonstrations.
Police fired teargas and water cannon in the early hours of Wednesday to disperse protesters who had occupied the capital's central Tahrir square into the night. By dawn, streets had returned to normal, with traffic flowing across the city.
Two protesters and one policeman were killed in clashes and protests that erupted on Tuesday in several Egyptian cities, where demonstrators angry at poverty and repression have been inspired by this month's downfall of the leader of Tunisia.
(Anti-government demonstrators walk away after teargas was released to disperse them in downtown Cairo.)
Some protesters said they would try to regroup during the day on Wednesday. Security forces said protesters would not be permitted to reassemble.
"Down, Down Hosni Mubarak," protesters chanted after fleeing from the square in the early morning hours. Some threw stones at police, who charged them with batons to prevent the protesters returning to the square after it was cleared by using teargas.
"Bullies," fleeing protesters shouted. Others cried: "You are not men". Police sprayed a water cannon on protesters and moved in rows into the square.
Sporadic clashes took place into early Wednesday, but by the pre-dawn hours police were in control of the square, milling about, while street sweepers cleared away rocks and litter.
"Down with Mubarak" was still scrawled on a wall. Police trucks were lined up along a side street.
"Ban on Twitter"
(An anti-government protester defaces a picture of Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak in Alexandria, 230 km (140 miles) north of Cairo.)
Thousands of demonstrators had earlier said they planned to stay out in Tahrir square until the government fell. Some protesters and police shared food and chatted on Tuesday evening after a day of protests that closed many Cairo roads to traffic.
Demonstrators tore up pictures of the president and his son, Gamal, who many Egyptians say is being groomed for office. Both Gamal and his father deny any such plan.
"Tomorrow, don't go to work. Don't go to college. We will all go down to the streets and stand hand in hand for you our Egypt. We will be millions," wrote one activist on a group on Facebook, which has been a key tool mobilising demonstrators.
(Anti-government protesters gather at Tahrir Square in downtown Cairo.)
Tuesday was a national holiday and ministries were closed. A government source said ministers had been told to ensure staff returned to work on Wednesday and did not join protests.
Web activists, who called for Tuesday's "Day of Wrath" against poverty and repression, have become some of the most vociferous critics of Mubarak and his three decades in office.
Their complaints echo those of fellow Arabs in Tunisia: soaring food prices, a lack of jobs and authoritarian rule that usually crushes protests swiftly and with a heavy hand.
Tuesday's demonstrations brought many thousands onto the streets of Cairo and several other cities in a coordinated wave of anti-government protests not witnessed since Mubarak came to office in 1981.
The population is growing 2 percent a year and has a "youth bulge", with some 60 percent under 30 years old, including 90 percent of jobless Egyptians. About 40 percent of citizens live on less than $2 a day and a third are illiterate.
"Call for Mubarak to step down"
Demands by the protesters were posted on Facebook and passed around Tahrir square on slips of paper before police moved in.
They included calling for Mubarak to step down, Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif to quit, parliament to be dissolved and the formation of a national government. A union activist repeated the demands to the crowd in the square by megaphone.
(Thousands of Egyptians demanded an end to President Hosni Mubarak's 30-year rule.)
"We are glued to the ground here in Tahrir and will not move, not tomorrow, not the day after until this government falls," said 35-year-old shopkeeper Sameh Adam, shortly before protesters emptied the square.
Protests on Tuesday also erupted in Alexandria, cities across the Nile Delta and in Suez and Ismailia, east of Cairo.
Two protesters in Suez were killed by rubber bullets, security and medical sources said. State television said one security officer died in Cairo because of a blow to the head from a stone that was thrown. Lawyers said dozens were detained.
The Interior Ministry, which had warned of arrests before Tuesday's demonstrations, said it would allow stationary protests for short periods. But in Cairo demonstrators took over major roads and blocked traffic across the capital.
The ministry blamed the Muslim Brotherhood for protests that took place, although the Islamist group has only played a bit part in protests. The group has even drawn the anger of its own youth members who say they have not been proactive enough.
Analysts say protests in Tunisia and developments across the region have made the claims of many Arab dictators that they stand as bulwarks against Islamists sweeping to power seem hollow.
Washington, a close ally and major donor, called for restraint. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Mubarak's government was stable and seeking "ways" to meet Egyptians' needs.
Related news reports:Last Mod: 26 Ocak 2011, 13:00