World Bulletin/News Desk
Although President Barack Obama's administration announced the Syrian air strikes three months ago as a joint campaign by Washington and its Arab allies, nearly 97 percent of the strikes in December have been carried out by the United States alone, according to U.S. military data provided to Reuters.
That accentuates a shift that began shortly after the start of the campaign in late September, when U.S. allies carried out 38 percent of the strikes. The percentage quickly dropped to around 8 percent in October and 9 percent in November, according to Reuters calculations based on the data.
U.S. officials are keen to prevent the coalition from fraying over concerns about the air campaign's direction. Some allies have long worried the air strikes might unintentionally bolster Syrian President Bashar al-Assad by striking a common enemy, sources said. Others in the region are also saying privately that the U.S.-led campaign against militants needs to do more to help Sunni Muslims.
However, officials in the United States and the region insist that political tensions simmering within the coalition had nothing to do with dwindling coalition strikes.
"It's a question of targets. From a military perspective, the cooperation is extensive and deep," said a source familiar with Gulf strategy in the coalition.
Two factors are at play: a decline in the overall pace of strikes and fewer easier-to-hit fixedISIL targets after nearly three months of bombings, U.S. officials and Gulf sources say.
Such fixed targets were initially bombed by Bahrain, Jordan, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates while the United States has from the start focused on more difficult ones, using precision-guided munitions to avoid civilian casualties.
"There are simply less (fixed) targets," said a U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity. "From our point of view, that's a good thing. It means that the strikes are having an impact."
Just under half of the 65 non-U.S. coalition air strikes in Syria tallied until 3 a.m. on Dec. 15 took place in the first nine days of the air campaign in late September, according to U.S. military data. U.S. allies carried out 20 air strikes in October and just 14 in November.
MORE CAPABILITY, FEWER DOUBTS IN IRAQ
Across the border, the United States has allies with highly trained and equipped air forces, including Britain, France, Canada and Australia. They see the air campaign in Iraq on far more solid legal ground, since they are there at the invitation of Baghdad.
"It's legal issues. It's concerns that our European partners and others have about where Syria is going," one U.S. official said. "So the reality is, even though we say the problem knows no border, by definition there's a distinction."
The United States intensified its campaign in Syria in October, carrying out 233 strikes, as the battle over the Kurdish border town of Kobani became a focal point. It carried out another 146 in November.
Making the strikes harder, the ISIL is operating less out in the open and increasingly establishing itself "in or near civilian-use facilities," one U.S. official said.
A diplomat in the Gulf described the allies' role as largely symbolic, given the scale and complexity of U.S. operations.
"There are targets and all involved know the U.S. is more efficient at hitting them. Now is not the time for an 'oops' moment," the diplomat said, speaking on condition of anonymity.
But the view from the ground is mixed. Assad said this month the U.S.-led campaign had made no difference and ISIL supporters in Syria say the air strikes have helped the group win support among residents and recruit fighters.
Even within the U.S.-led coalition in Syria there is concern that the strikes against the ISIL have helped Assad by allowing his forces to step up air attacks on other rebel groups, some of whom are sympathetic to Washington.Güncelleme Tarihi: 18 Aralık 2014, 14:21