World Bulletin / News Desk
Today is the 43th aniversary of executon of Sayyid Qutb, imported Egytian intellectual and writer.
Qutb, an Egyptian author, educator, Islamist, poet, became an intelectual leader of the Muslim Brotherhood following the death of Hassan al-Banna in the 1950s and '60s.
Qutb is easily one of the major architects and "strategists" of contemporary Islamic revival. Along with Maulana Maududi, the founder of Jamaat-e-Islami, the revivalist movement in South Asia, and Imam Khomeini, the leader of Iran's Islamic revolution, he gave shape to the ideas and the worldview that has mobilized and motivated millions of Muslims from Malaysia to Michigan to strive to reintroduce Islamic practices in their lives and alter social and political institutions so that they reflect Islamic principles.
The first excerpt comes from an early work, Social Justice in Islam, which he wrote in 1949. (Social Justice in Islam.
Qutb spent the better half of 1949 in Greeley, Colo., studying curriculum at Colorado State Teachers College, now the University of Northern Colorado. What he saw prompted him to condemn America as a soulless, materialistic place that no Muslim should aspire to live in.
Author of 24 books, including novels, literary arts' critique, works on education, he is best known in the Muslim world for his work on what he believed to be the social and political role of Islam, particularly in his books Social Justice and Ma'alim fi-l-Tariq (Milestones).
Qutb builds on the Islamic idea of tawhid (the singularity of God and, therefore, of the universe):
So all creation issuing as it does from one absolute, universal, and active Will, forms an all-embracing unity in which each individual part is in harmonious order with the remainder...Thus, then, all creation is a unity comprising different parts; it has a common origin, a common providence and purpose, because it was produced by a single, absolute, and comprehensive Will...So the universe cannot be hostile to life, or to man; nor can 'Nature' in our modern phrase be held to be antagonistic to man, opposed to him, or striving against him. Rather she is a friend whose purposes are one with those of life and of mankind. And the task of living beings is not to contend with Nature, for they have grown up in her bosom, and she and they together form a part of the single universe which proceeds from the single will.
Last Mod: 31 Ağustos 2009, 13:56
Alongside notable Islamists like Maulana Mawdudi, Hasan al-Banna, and Ruhollah Khomeini, Qutb is considered one of the most influential Muslim thinkers or activists of the modern era, not only for his ideas but for what many consider his heroic martyr's death
His written works are still widely available and have been translated into many Western languages. Majority of Qutb's theory can be found in his 30-volume Qur'anic commentary Fi zilal al-Qur'an (In the Shade of the Quran).