Speaking on the first day of two-day summit that brings together senior diplomats representing 13 countries who support the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear Terrorism, spearheaded jointly by the US and Russia, U.S. Under Secretary of State for arms control and international security.
"We would welcome nations who are committed to combatting nuclear terrorism... I don't think we have to be explicit and say that we would not welcome states that facilitate terrorism and are seeking nuclear weapons," in an apparent reference to Iran, which Washington, backed by the European Union and Israel, claims is running a secret program to develop nuclear weapons, charges that had been dismissed by the Islamic Republic on various occasions.
The multilateral initiative is led by Washington and Moscow and aims to combat nuclear terrorism.
However, Deputy foreign minister Sergey Kislyak, the Russian co-chair of the talks, had been quoted as saying that the summit is not aimed at "any specific country," noting that the international standoff over Iran's nuclear activities should be resolved through diplomacy and negotiations.
"Here we are dealing with systematic work to combat the phenomenon of nuclear terrorism and to deny them any possibility of getting access to nuclear materials anywhere in the world," he said.
But Joseph, who also said that the initiative was still at an early stage and "we have a great deal of work to go to build our capacities to deal with a nuclear terror threat wherever it may come from," failed to put an end to speculations over whether Russia is totally supporting Iran's quest for nuclear technology, or U.S.'s stance against Iran and efforts to lobby international support to get the UN adopt tougher measures against the Islamic Republic, which is being done under the guise of "efforts aimed at protecting the world against nuclear terrorism".
On his visit to Moscow, former Iranian Foreign Minister Ali Akbar Velayati, a foreign affairs adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, was full of praise for the Russian government. But the Iranian diplomat's praise for Russia on one hand and Moscow's usual rhetoric supporting Iran on the other, should not be viewed simply as a sign that the two nations understand one another on the nuclear issue, stated an editorial on Russia's Kommersant.
Iran praises Moscow hoping that the Russian government will manage to change or affect the fierce enmity Washington has for Iran because of the latter's persistence not to give up its right, under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, to pursue nuclear technology.
But Iran is not satisfied with what is being labeled as Russian diplomacy. It seeks a Russian pledge to keep the U.S. under control.
So Russia's stance neither satisfies Iran nor the U.S., which on the other hand seeks Moscow's support in its global efforts to adopt the toughest measures against Iran that would lead eventually to its isolation.
Moscow has indeed gained great benefits in playing the diplomatic game on two fronts, but it also became a hostage to its promises and obligations.
Russia gave the U.S. the approval it needs for the adoption of the UN Security Council resolution 1737 on Iran, that imposed sanctions on Tehran for refusing to halt activities related to uranium enrichment. While on the other hand, the concession to Tehran was its acknowledgement of its legal right to run a nuclear program.
But Russia's stance from the Iranian nuclear issue and its positions from the two parties; i.e. Iran and the U.S., is coming into conflict, making Moscow's position increasingly contradictory.
Russia should either explicitly reject Washington's pressure to join its global efforts against Iran, or officially endorse Iran's legal right of pursuing peaceful nuclear technology.
islamonline.comGüncelleme Tarihi: 20 Eylül 2018, 18:16