The UN human rights chief in
Gianni Magazzeni, head of the UN human rights office in Iraq, accused the government of failing to provide security and blamed some of the violence on militias colluding with or working inside the police and army.
The figures are much higher than any statistics issued by Iraqi government officials. The government itself branded the UN's last two-monthly report in November grossly exaggerated and banned Iraqi officials from releasing data.
No comparable data for 2005 were immediately available, but Iraqi and UN officials, along with evidence collected by reporters, indicate that sectarian bloodshed has risen dramatically in the past year, especially in
Magazzeni said: "During 2006, 34,452 civilians have been violently killed. The focus of this report is actually on the need for the government to increase its action with respect to the rule of law.
"Law enforcement agencies do not provide effective protection to the population of
He said "militias act in collusion with or have infiltrated" the security forces".
Earlier estimates had put the number killed at more than 12,000.
When asked about the discrepancy, Magazzeni said the UN figures were compiled from information obtained through the Iraqi health ministry, the
"Without significant progress in the rule of law, sectarian violence will continue indefinitely and eventually spiral out of control," he said.
The UN report says 6,376 civilians were killed in November and December.
Rate of killings
That was a rate of 105 killed across
Of the 4,731 people killed in
An official at the
Interior ministry officials said this month that more than 12,000 civilians were killed in "terrorist" acts. They did not give statistics for other types of violent death.
The Washington Post quoted a health ministry official last week as saying that more than 23,000 civilians and police were killed in 2006.
Removing the police element of that figure and adding the violent deaths recorded by the