UNICEF, which continues its campaign to end child exploitation, announced these shocking figures this week. According to the UNICEF data, the children of undereducated and poor families are particularly vulnerable. While some of the children are kidnapped, the majority are deceived with false promises, such as jobs and education.
Over 300,000 children ranging from eight to 18 years old are used as combatants in more than 30 countries. To avoid the risk of being caught by the police, gangs and drug dealers often use children as couriers. The primary purpose of child trade in West Africa is to enslave them as domestic help. In Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, boys are forced to work in the manufacturing industries.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimated that there were 352 million "economically active" children in the world. According to UNICEF, nearly two million children, the majority boys, are involved in the sex trade. The estimates indicate that one million children are forced into sex enslavement in Southeast Asia alone.
UNICEF also notes that 10,000-15,000 boys are selling themselves to tourists for sexual purposes along the Sri Lankan coasts. While the majority are forced into sexual enslavement, others do it for the sake of the high income. For instance, in the Vietnamese capital Hanoi, child prostitutes make $1,000 a month, which is 25 times higher than the average income in the country.
Children on the front lines
ILO classified 246 million children as "child labors." The most serious child labor exploitation is in Sub-Saharan Africa, where 29 percent of the children (48 million) between the ages of five and 14 are forced to work. Children are also used as combatants, couriers, and cooks and for sexual pleasure during the conflicts. Girls constitute one-third of the child combatants in El Salvador, Ethiopia, and Uganda. The rate of casualties among the children is higher than adults because of their inexperience and bodily weaknesses.Güncelleme Tarihi: 20 Eylül 2018, 18:16