US shuttle Atlantis blasts off on space station supply run
Space shuttle Atlantis and six astronauts blasted off from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
Space shuttle Atlantis and six astronauts blasted off from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida on Monday on one of the last supply runs to the International Space Station before the shuttle fleet is retired next year.
The shuttle roared off its seaside launch pad at 2:28 p.m. EST (1928 GMT), punching through a thin layer of clouds as it soared over the Atlantic Ocean heading toward an orbital linkup with the space station on Wednesday.
"Have a great ride to orbit and a fantastic mission," Jeff Lauffer, test director for shuttle contractor United Space Alliance, radioed to the crew shortly before Atlantis lifted off.
Atlantis carries nearly 30,000 pounds (13,610 kg) of pumps, gyroscopes and tanks of nitrogen, ammonia and oxygen, as well as other gear too big to be carried by the Russian, European and Japanese cargo ships that will keep the station supplied after the shuttles are retired.
"It's been the workhorse of just getting the big parts up," Atlantis commander Charles Hobaugh said of the shuttle in a prelaunch interview. "The station itself right now is an incredible vehicle. We just need to provide its sustainment."
Following Atlantis' mission, which is scheduled to last 11 days, NASA plans five more flights to complete the station.
The shuttle is being replaced by a capsule-style spacecraft called Orion that can travel to the moon and other places in the solar system in addition to the station, which orbits about 225 miles (360 km) above Earth.
The station, a $100 billion project of 16 nations, has been under construction for more than a decade.
NASA plans to end the 30-year-old space shuttle program next year, bowing to long-standing concerns about safety and the expense associated with maintaining and flying Atlantis and its two sister ships, Discovery and Endeavour.
The shuttle program costs NASA about $5 billion a year, and has claimed the lives of 14 astronauts. The first crew of seven perished during a launch accident in 1986 and the second died during a landing attempt in 2003 due to a heat shield breach.
Atlantis will bring home station flight engineer Nicole Stott, the last station crew member to fly on the shuttle. She spent three months living and working on the space station.
During its planned 11-day mission, the Atlantis crew is scheduled to conduct three spacewalks to install antennas, replace an oxygen tank on the U.S. airlock and other tasks.
NASA built four pallets to hold spare pumps, gyroscopes, tanks of oxygen, nitrogen and ammonia, as well as other gear.
Two will fly on Atlantis and will be mounted outside the station during the shuttle's weeklong visit. The final two pallets will fly on the last two shuttle flights next year.
"We're going to warehouse parts that only the shuttle can deliver in large volume," said Mike Sarafin, NASA's lead flight director.
While the equipment is not needed today, NASA wants to have the critical spare parts available so the station can remain viable through at least 2015, and possibly to 2020 or beyond.
Extending the station is among the recommendations of a presidential panel that reviewed the U.S. human space program this summer. The Obama administration is considering changes to the agency's $18 billion budget, about half of which is spent on human space exploration initiatives.
In addition to Hobaugh, who is making his third spaceflight, the crew includes pilot Barry Wilmore, flight engineer Randy Bresnik, lead spacewalker Michael Foreman and astronauts Leland Melvin and Robert Satcher. Wilmore, Bresnik and Satcher are making their first spaceflights.
Reuters Güncelleme Tarihi: 17 Kasım 2009, 00:51