Baymirza Hayit - a patriot of Turkmenistan

Baymirza Hayit with all his suffering, wars, exile and legal trials was a real Turkestan patriot; with all his written thesis, works and books was a real intellectual. Written by Yusuf Tuncbilek.

Baymirza Hayit - a patriot of Turkmenistan

Yusuf Tuncbilek

Baymirza Hayit was a Turkestan patriot intellectual and it has been 10 years since his death ( 31 October, 2006).  He with all his suffering, wars, exile and legal trials was a real Turkestan patriot; with all his written thesis, works and books was a real intellectual.  

Even though Baymirza Hayit has written dozens of books,  unfortunately there is only one book we can buy here in the Turkish language used in Turkey.  That is the book named ' Some matters concerning Islam and Turks in the Soviet Union', which was printed for the second edition in the year 2000 while Baymirza Hayit was still alive.  Although his other books were published by many other printing houses, they have all sold out and never printed again.  In addition to this many other books of Baymirza Hayit have not yet been translated.

 An intellectual who has destroyed the blockade of the USSR

 This situation is a bitter case of how little interest we show towards the Turkish geography and more so to our brothers.  The first priority of the United Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) when occupying lands was to eliminate the intellectuals there.  The purpose being to remove all names who can defend the independence of that nation and have nations who become dependent.  Unfortunately they have been successful on a large scale with this.

 Baymirza Hayıt who had remained untarnished by those harsh conditions to become an intellectual by his own rights was somebody who should have attracted our attention.  However it is unfortunate that in Turkey when an intellectual is mentioned they are not much of interest, in fact even reacted to.  They are all thought to be anti religious and anti nationalist.  The point which is unnoticed in this case is that in the 20th century in many of geography when you say intellectual; it is the love of homeland, nation, religion, independence and being against imperialism and occupation.  Intellectuals had this positive understanding attached to it.  Baymirza Hayit was also carrying a positive understanding like this.  He struggled for his nation, homeland and religion.

 To show interest in the Turkish geography through Baymirza Hayit

 After the collapse of the USSR (25th December, 1991) the Turkish world had gotten our interest for about ten years, however thereafter we left it to its own destiny.  We ignored all the nations, the Turks there and moslems who left the USSR.  In reality those were the lands that we originally came from and we had our brothers there.  Why we forgot about them, were we forced to forget, we never accounted for this.  In the beginning of the 1990s there was a favorable wind blowing in that direction, we showed interest in the Turkish geography, however later on we became introverted again, possibly because of the increase in Terror attacks in Turkey.

 Baymirza Hayit is big opportunity to remember that geography and the people there.  He is a great person who is to be remembered with the books he has written and the struggles in his life.  When i was thinking of the shortest summary of him i saw these sentences written in his book:  'The future of Turks is related to the systematic learning and teaching of their past.  It is important to learn about the past because we should learn and not repeat the past mistakes and disasters.'  These words which seem simple at first glance is appropriate to summarize Baymirza Hayit's philosophy on life.  He had dedicated an important part of his life towards the scientific research of his homeland Turkestan.

 The definition of 'Central Asia' is wrong

 So, what is in the book?  In reality there is everything, including many articles written regarding the first Turkish nations to the last formed Turkish nations, which covers a very long period in time.  However, as it is understood by the name of the book the concentration is on the period after the USSR was established and thereafter.  The economics, nationalist and religious problems of Turkestan is studied via a scientific approach and using scientific data.  In the written articles all information about Turkestan is considered from 'a' to 'z'.

 Baymirza Hayit who had argued against the word Turkestan, who had said that Russia defined Turkestan as 'Central Asia', claimed that this definition was wrong and inappropriate as it is a definition which denies the existence of Turks there.  Hayit sees Turkestan as a place where all Turks live.  This definition includes not only Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan which are independent nations, but also the occupied lands within Russia (Siberia) and China (East Turkestan).

 The arguable ties between Turkey and Turkestan were severely detached

 Baymirza Hayit who had also included the topic of Jeditism,  has also claimed that Jeditism played a role in strengthening the religious and nationalist movements in Turkestan.  Jeditists who were prone to reaction from Russia and some religious fanatics, have also put works in addition to the religious field including literature and theater in order to ascertain national identity.  Baymirza Hayit was concerned that the multi functional abilities of the Jeditists were still not researched.

 Baymirza Hayit who had studied then impact on the Turkish - Islam culture of people who had studied in the schools of Turkestan - Bukhara; has indicated that names such as Ibni Sina, Mahmud of Kasgar, Yusuf Has Hacip, Edip Ahmet Yukneki, Ismail Buhari, Tirmizi and Ahmet Yesevi came from these places.

In addition to the fact that the region had lost its attraction for science for a long period of time, when you also add the fact that it was occupied by the USSR who is anti religious in nature the result is that Turkestan has moved away from and lost its old fame.

 Hence;  The reason behind the fact that Turkey had shown interest in the region in the 1990s and later retreated was probably because of the lack of knowledge regarding the region.  The introverted character of the USSR, was the reason the arguable ties between Turkey and Turkestan was severely detached.  For nearly eighty years, no information at all regarding that region was made available to us.

After the sudden collapse of USSR in December of 1991 being in an unprepared state, trying to do some things to the best of its ability but was later a victim of the lack of knowledge we had regarding the region.  Hence at this point, once again we see the importance of intellectuals like Baymirza Hayit, whose knowledge regarding the area is acceptably unquestionable by us.


In conclusion, what is left of Turkestan are dried up lakes, nations who are made more and more different from each other via artificial boundaries and people who have been distanced from their roots.  Despite all these facts, Turkestan is still a geography worth of studying, researching and showing interest.  Our roots, our brothers and people of mutual religion are there.  Some people may show interest in Turkestan only because of its above ground and under ground resources;  However, Turkey is compelled to show constant interest in that region until the end of history without seeking a relation of benefit.









Güncelleme Tarihi: 26 Kasım 2016, 15:41