China, Pakistan and India's stalled NSG entry

The result of the Seoul plenary has heated up the US-China diplomatic spat after the US-backed failed bid of India.

China, Pakistan and India's stalled NSG entry

Manzoor Alam- India

The crucial 26th plenary meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in the South Koran capital Seoul ended on June 24, 2016. The two-day proceedings ended without a decision on India’s application for membership of the body.
India has openly blamed China for vetoing its bid in Seoul whereas China says that grouping could not find consensus to allow the countries like India and Pakistan which are not the signatories of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). India claims that majority of the 48 members supports its bid while half a dozen countries have objected the process while only China has vehemently opposed its membership bid.


On Wednesday US Under Secretary for Political Affairs Tom Shannon put all the blame on China by saying that India failed to get entry into Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) due to China-led opposition. The very next day China's foreign ministry spokesman Hong Lei accused the US of ignoring facts over India not getting entry into the NSG and claimed that the plenary meeting of the elite grouping in Seoul did not discuss the accession of any specific country.


In the emerging geopolitical scenario, US is allying with the regional swing states like Japan, Australia and India to contain the rising China. With the fast changing regional geopolitics China does not want India in the elite grouping and also does not want to give India the equal status in this informal yet important club, on the other hand it has effectively hyphenated India and Pakistan which India along with US are trying to delink. China put forward the case for its all weather friend Pakistan which has also not signed the NPT into the NSG entry along with India. Both China and Pakistan firmly believe that If India alone gets NSG membership then in future it will create hindrances for Pakistan’s entry into the NSG.
Although India has already obtained the NSG waiver in 2008 for unhindered international civil nuclear trade, the present dispensation in New Delhi elevated NSG membership bid to such heights that it turned out to be the most important foreign policy objective. Now it has become more important and urgent than other items on Country’s wish list such as permanent membership of the UN Security Council, signing of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as an acknowledged nuclear weapon state, and membership of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).


It is pertinent to say that US does not want China to be treated as an equal global power in the post-cold war world order and propping up India to contain China with in Asia. On the other hand China does not want India to be acknowledged as a true Asian power and doing everything possible to contain India within the realm of South Asia.


After India’s formal application for NSG, Pakistan also applied for membership on May 19, 2016. Pakistan’s membership bid was firmly supported by China and Turkey. However, many NSG members would oppose Pakistan’s membership because of its horrific proliferation track record, including the illicit procurement network of Pakistani scientist A.Q. Khan, which aided the nuclear programs of Iran, Libya and North Korea.


China says that the resistance to letting India into NSG was more broad-based than is being reported in the western and Indian media; Indian media reported the countries opposing Indian membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) include New Zealand, Ireland, Turkey, South Africa and Austria. Some sources, including leading Pakistan daily Dawn, reported that countries such as Russia, Switzerland and Mexico were also in the group that didn't support inclusion of non-NPT states into NSG. India has diplomatically maneuvered to set China up as the sole objector.


Suffice it to say here that the controversy around India’s disastrous NSG membership bid in Seoul illustrates the new geo-political battle lines drawn by the US and the China. If media reports are true about the Russian opposition to India’s NSG membership bid then it is beyond doubt the US versus China-Russia duo geopolitical fixture. The joyous statements from Islamabad after India’s disastrous NSG campaign clearly signaling in the emergence of the new world order where the United States has lost the position of sole arbitrator in the emerging new world order.


As far as India’s membership into the NSG is concerned, sooner or later India will become the member of the prestigious 48 member club, but the million dollar question is can India manage to get NSG membership alone or the members will have no option but to accept Pakistan along with India into the NSG.

Güncelleme Tarihi: 12 Temmuz 2016, 11:57
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