Clinton tells Europe's Islam fear behind Bosnia war

According to the war in Bosnia seen through the CIA documents and Clinton eyes, "some European leaders were not eager to have a Muslim state in the heart of the Balkans"

Clinton tells Europe's Islam fear behind Bosnia war

World Bulletin/News Desk

On October 1, CIA declassified 300 documents related to the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina from 1992 to 1995 during the presidency of Bill Clinton.

Former President Clinton will on this occasion speak during a symposium titled "Bosnia, Intelligence, and the Clinton Presidency" that will be held at the Presidential Center in Arkansas, US. At the same time, a collection of articles penned by some of Clinton's aides, including former Secretary of State and UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright, will promoted.

Beside Clinton and Albright, the symposium about the war in Bosnia will feature former Supreme Allied Commander Europe Gen. Wesley Clark; Leon Fuerth, former national security adviser to former Vice President Al Gore; former National Security Adviser Samuel Berger, and former CIA Deputy Director for Intelligence John Gannon.

In his opening article, Clinton writes about the moment he entered the White House:

"The Bush administration did urge the United Nations to impose economic sanctions on Serbia, a measure initially opposed by Secretary-General Boutros Boutros Ghali, the French, and the British, who said they wanted to give Milosevic a chance to stop the very violence he had incited. Finally, sanctions were imposed in late May, but with little effect, as supplies continued to reach the Serbs from friendly neighbors. The United Nations also continued to maintain the arms embargo against the Bosnian government that originally had been imposed against all Yugoslavia in late 1991. The problem with the embargo was that the Serbs had enough weapons and ammunition on hand to fight for years; making it virtually impossible for the Bosnians to defend themselves. Somehow they managed to hold out throughout 1992, acquiring some arms by capturing them from the Serb forces, or in small shipments from Croatia that managed to evade the NATO blockade of the Croatian coast."

However, turning point was the moment when three UK journalists published a story about a detention camp in northern Bosnia. After that, Clinton became in favor of NATO air strikes with US involvement.

"Later, when it became clear that the Serbs were engaging in the systematic slaughter of Bosnian Muslims, especially targeting local leaders for extermination, I suggested lifting the arms embargo. Instead, the Europeans focused on ending the violence," Clinton wrote.

He also noted that one of the problem for stopping the war in Bosnia was lack of "a unified policy" among Western powers.

"On the ninth, in my first meeting with French President François Mitterrand, he made it clear to me that, although he had sent five thousand French troops to Bosnia as part of a UN humanitarian force to deliver aid and contain the violence, he was more sympathetic to the Serbs than I was, and less willing to see a Muslim-led unified Bosnia."

Further more, Clinton quotes his special envoy for the Balkans Richard Holbrook's book "To End a War" who considers five factors for the Western failure to end the war in Bosnia: "(1) A misreading of Balkan history, holding that the ethnic strife was too ancient and ingrained to be prevented by outsiders; (2) the apparent loss of Yugoslavia’s strategic importance after the end of the Cold War; (3) the triumph of nationalism over democracy as the dominant ideology of post-Communist Yugoslavia; (4) the reluctance of the Bush administration to undertake another military commitment so soon after the 1991 Iraq war; and (5) the decision of the United States to turn the issue over to Europe instead of NATO, and the confused and passive European response."

To this list, Clinton adds one more factor -- "some European leaders were not eager to have a Muslim state in the heart of the Balkans, fearing it might become a base for exporting extremism, a result that their neglect made more, not less, likely."

Finally, peace plan was agreed in November 1995. Clinton describes it as a plan that contained "bitter pills" for sides in war, necessary to end it.

"American leadership was decisive in pushing NATO to be more aggressive and in taking the final diplomatic initiative. Our efforts were immeasurably helped by Croatian and Bosnian military gains on the ground, and the brave and stubborn refusal of [Alija] Izetbegovic and his comrades to give up in the face of Bosnian Serb aggression."

Güncelleme Tarihi: 02 Ekim 2013, 09:25

Muhammed Öylek

Mohammed El Lugner
Mohammed El Lugner - 9 yıl Önce

'.."some European leaders were not eager to have a Muslim state in the heart of the Balkans" ..' this was because they could see more than enough of them already forming in the UK, Belgium, Denmark, Holland, Sweden, Noray etc

saadiqa - 9 yıl Önce

Whatever happens is only by the will of the Creator of the Universe and all that it contains...creator of the heavens and earth...The creation plots and plans and Almighty Allaah plans and Allaah is the best of planners.those who plot against HIS COMMANDS AND HARM MANKIND WILL HAVE TO PAY THE PRICE SOME DAY - whilst those who suffer in the hands of the oppressors will emerge successful eternally