The growing anticipation that the Fed will hike interest rates sooner than expected, because of a strengthening economy, drove currencies of emerging markets, including the Turkish lira, to low levels.
The rate hikes are a matter of concern for all emerging economies since it is expected to cause a profound capital outflow from those markets and challenge Turkey, where private and public sector short term debt currently stands at $130.7 billion
Moreover, the unstoppable slide of the Russian ruble against the U.S. dollar, despite a sharp rate increase by the Russian Central Bank, drove emerging markets’ currencies, including the Turkish lira, to fresh lows.
The Turkish lira started the day at 2.3429 per dollar and rose to 2.4126 at 1200GMT -- almost 3 percent as panic stemmed by the slide of the Russian ruble spread in emerging markets, despite the 650-base point rate hike from the Russian Central Bank.
Meanwhile, the Turkish lira against euro exchange rate started the day at 2.9203 and soared to 3.0191 at 1200GMT -- a 3 percent increase.
After the U.S. dollar reached a historic high against the Turkish lira, the Central Bank of Turkey intervened rapidly -- at 1205GMT -- assuring foreign exchange demands of importing energy state companies would be directly supplied by the Bank.
Following this announcement, the lira per dollar rate eased off to 2.3569 at 1420GMT while the lira per euro rate declined to 2.9554.
However, the Central Bank’s move fell short of easing Borsa Istanbul -- Turkey’s sole exchange entity -- investors as the index declined almost 5 percent at 1500GMT, from 82.444,48 points to 78.939,61 points.