Ukraine mediators press on with peace plan

The two-page Swiss plan said "all acts of violence must be promptly investigated and prosecuted accordingly" and that the OSCE would support such measures with a hotline and an expert team

Ukraine mediators press on with peace plan

World Bulletin/News Desk

International mediators took new peace proposals to Kiev on Thursday as tension in eastern Ukraine soared with an announcement by pro-Moscow separatists that they would proceed with a referendum on self-rule on Sunday.

The draft "road map", seen by Reuters, took no direct view on the referendum, which Western leaders say is illegitimate and inflammatory, but said national elections planned by the pro-Western leadership in Kiev for May 25 were key to stabilising the former Soviet republic. It said all sides must refrain from "violence, intimidation or provocative actions".

It was drawn up by the Swiss chair of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and is aimed at giving new impetus to a deal signed in Geneva in mid-April by the European Union, Russia, Ukraine and the United States.

That accord said illegal armed groups would withdraw from places they have occupied in eastern Ukraine in a process to be overseen by the OSCE, a Vienna-based body that seeks to prevent conflict and promote democracy across Europe.

But pro-Russian separatists have shown little sign of budging from public buildings in the east and comments from Moscow and Kiev on Thursday cast further doubt over the prospects for the peace process.

The OSCE plan said Ukraine has the right to use its security forces "in a proportionate manner" to prevent violence in its standoff with pro-Moscow rebels and should adopt an amnesty law to cover any who end their occupation of public places in eastern areas and lay down their arms.

It said the OSCE chair "offers ... to coordinate further steps to implement" the Geneva deal and listed various measures the 57-nation body could help with, including mediation, disarmament, and the launch of a broad national dialogue.

The OSCE already has more than 150 civilian monitors in Ukraine. Eight European military observers from a separate OSCE-linked mission were detained by Ukrainian separatists for a week before they were freed last week.


The two-page Swiss plan said "all acts of violence must be promptly investigated and prosecuted accordingly" and that the OSCE would support such measures with a hotline and an expert team that could be operational by May 15.

However, amnesty would be granted to "protesters and those who have left buildings and other public places and surrendered weapons, with the exception of those found guilty of capital crimes".

Amnesty was also part of last month's Geneva agreement. But the OSCE proposal appeared more concrete in suggesting "the immediate adoption" of such a law by the Ukrainian parliament as a "confidence-building measure".

One OSCE envoy said Swiss Foreign Minister Didier Burkhalter presented the plan to European Council President Herman Van Rompuy in Brussels late on Wednesday, after Burkhalter met earlier with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Moscow.

The OSCE press office said Burkhalter had "proposed a road map with milestones and activities in order to make implementation (of de-escalation steps under the Geneva accord) more concrete, structured and effective", but it gave no detail.

Consultations were now taking place with the sides - senior OSCE officials were in Kiev on Thursday - but it was unclear when, if and in what form the proposal would be made public.

The pro-Western leaders who took over Ukraine in February after its Moscow-backed president fled to Russia amid mass protests said on Thursday they would not talk to "terrorists" - their term for the separatists.

Russia called on the West to press Ukraine's government to talk to its foes, saying the OSCE peace proposals would have a better chance of success if the Kiev authorities hold "a truly respectful, equitable conversation" with their opponents.

In a foreign ministry statement, Russia dangled the prospect of unspecified compromises on its part in exchange for such Western pressure. Moscow says Kiev must halt a security operation in the east and hold nationwide talks on constitutional reform that the Kremlin hopes would grant more power to Ukraine's provinces and keep it out of NATO forever.


In a surprise move, Putin called on the rebels on Wednesday to postpone their planned referendum on self-rule to create conditions for dialogue between Kiev and the east on what has become the worst East-West standoff since the Cold War.

But the pro-Russian separatists voted on Thursday to hold Sunday's vote in spite of Putin's call.

While the Swiss plan underlined the need to refrain from actions contrary to Ukraine's "basic security interests", it did not call for any specific measures by Russia, for example regarding the troops the West says it has amassed near Ukraine.

It said OSCE monitors would help mediate between "illegally armed groups" and Ukrainian authorities on disarmament, release of hostages, return of seized buildings and other issues.

A broad national dialogue would cover "decentralization, local self-governance, language and national minorities" and other topics, the Swiss road map said, adding that a series of "public high-level round tables" would be launched immediately.

Ukraine's parliament "is encouraged to take stock of the outcomes of the national dialogue and submit key elements for further work on the constitutional process to a nationwide plebiscite," it said.

Güncelleme Tarihi: 08 Mayıs 2014, 22:35

Muhammed Öylek