The Ministry of Education is preparing to set up a commission to revise the 4+4+4 education system, which came into effect at the beginning of the 2012/13 school year, to address some problems that have emerged since its implementation.
The government adopted a new education law in Parliament in March 2012, which was approved by President Abdullah Gül within weeks. The law increased the current duration of compulsory education from an uninterrupted eight years to 12 years and divided it into three four-year stages -- primary school, middle school and high school -- and is popularly known as the “4+4+4” education law. With the reform, the school starting age was lowered to 66 months plus, from a previous 72 months plus. In addition, parents are able to send their children to primary school from the age of 60 months if they so wish. These changes were met with harsh criticism from education experts and pedagogues, who warned that children under the age of 72 months were not pedagogically suitable to attend primary school.
One year has passed since the education reform came into effect, but the assessment reports over the success of the reform have shown there are some problems with the system, in particular regarding students under the age of 72 months.
Taking all the assessment reports sent by school managements into consideration, the Ministry of Education has decided to set up a commission to determine the parts of the system that should be revised to address the problems stated in the reports, the Vatan daily reported on Monday.
Some problems stated in the schools' reports are that students starting school under the age of 72 months could not learn to read and write during the school year while older students in the same classes as those younger students easily learned these skills. The assessment reports said the duration of lesson, which is currently 40 minutes, is very long for students under 72 months as they have short attention spans. Commenting on the planned revision of the 4+4+4 education system, an official from the Ministry of Education told Vatan that no major changes will be made to the system, adding that the ministry is just planning to make some minor changes to address some problems that have emerged with the implementation of the system.
A survey recently conducted and released by the Anadolu Education Union (AES) with the participation of 2,000 primary school teachers, revealed that 44 percent of students starting school under the age of 72 months studied in classrooms at desks which are too high for a child of that age. Almost all the students older than 66 months learned how to read and write by April, while only 18 percent of students below 66 months were able to do this. Therefore, four out of every five children between 60 and 66 months finished the first grade without learning how to read and write.
CihanGüncelleme Tarihi: 02 Temmuz 2013, 10:32