Omer Aymali / History / World Bulletin
The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Abdulhamid II, reigned for 33 years, making major reforms in sectors from education to health, as well as conducting the modernisation of the military and transport system. He placed his name in history as the sultan that delayed the collapse of the empire. Years later, even those who dethroned him in 1908 were forced to accept that he was a great politician. Some even wrote poems expressing their remorse.
Sultan Abdul Hamid II was a hardworking sultan. The sultan spent a large part of his day working. Anytime he had outside of work, he would spend it on carpentry. The sultan also had an interest in theatre and opera and from time to time he would open the doors of the Yildiz Palace to host such events. The sultan was also a passionate book reader and had a large library assembled in the Yildiz Palace, housing thousands of books. In his time in power, thousands of foreign books were translated into Turkish for the palace.
Sultan Abdul Hamid II had many different interests, one of them being photography, which he used very effectively.
Mektebi Sultani – Galatasary College
Photographs taken and displayed did not only comprise of landscapes, but captured military training sessions and pictures of prisoners. Besides his own photographs, he purchased photographs taken by foreign photographers.
Haydarpasa Military hospital doctor and students
Including one of the world’s largest photo albums known by the name Star Album, Abdulhamid II's photograph archive holds 35,000 photographs from the borders of the Ottoman Empire at that time.
Today the photo archive is held in the library of Istanbul University. Cities expanding from of Bosnia to Ethiopia and Batumi to Tunisia host buildings the sultan had built.
Emirgan girls' school students
Secondary schools, students, soldiers, mosques, harbours, chamber of commerce, tax offices, dockyards, railways, bridges, markets, bazaars, industrial products, machinery, locomotives and factories are seen in the photographs.
Photograph archives similar to this one are found in British Museum, Library of Congress and Bibliotheque Nationale.
New Mosque from Galata bridge
These photographs were sent to present the Ottoman Empire during the 1890’s to the American president, England’s queen and president of France.
Yanya Secondary Grammar School
Located in America 1823, photographs from Abdulhamid II 'sphoto archive can be accessed through this link. http://www.loc.gov/pictures/
Last Mod: 04 Mart 2014, 16:04