World Bulletin / News Desk
As the "Geneva II" peace conference draws close, the overwhelming majority of the prospective participants of the international meeting is deadset against the Syrian regime.
UN has recently announced the list of participants to attend the Geneve II conference, which will bring together the Syrian regime and the opposition, and other key stake holder states and organizations to find a settlement to the Syrian civil war.
The participants of the conference, which is due on January 22, 2013, include five permenant members of UN Security Council (USA, UK, China, Russia, France), the Arab League, the EU, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Algeria, Brasil, Canada, Denmark, Egypt, Germany, India, Indonasia, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Norway, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Omman, Qatar, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, Turkey and United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The three participant organizations and 23 states are clearly against Bashar al-Assad, Syria's president, and demands a regime change whereas Russia, China and Lebanon supports al-Assad and the five others are indecisive.
Arab League has suspended the membership of Syria after civil war broke out. They recognized the Syrian National Coalition as the legitimate representative of the country. The league is opposed to al-Assad and the Syrian regime.
Algeria, Iraq and Lebanon, all members of the Arab League, voted against the suspension of Syria's membership. It is not clear yet what position these countries will take in the Geneva conference.
Organization of Islamic Community has freezed Syria's membership of in 2012 over regime violence on the civilians. OIC is against the current Syrian regime.
Iran, an OIC member, has voted against the decision to freeze Syria's membership. It is not clear yet whether Iran will participate in the upcoming peace conference.
EU has lifted weapons embargo to Syrian opposition. EU is against the Syrian regime.
US has publicly stated that the military option for Syria would be always on the table and it wants al-Assad ousted.
Russia, Syria's staunchest ally, is Damascus' main arms supplier and supports the Syrian regime by vetoing any unfavorable decisions against the country in the UN Security Council.
UK has publicly announced their opposition to the regime and demands a political change in Syria.
China acts in tandem with Russia in the UN Security Council and blocks any decision against Syria.
France has put up great efforts in the UN Security Council to have impose sanctions against Syria. France supports use of force for regime change and wants al-Assad gone.
Germany does not support a military solution in Syria, however, it maintains that the regime should be severely punished for the alleged use of chemical weapons. Germany is not a permanent member of Security Council but a main actor in the EU.
Turkey, an outspoken critique of the Syrian regime, supports the opposition in the neighboring country. Turkey insists that all options must stay on the table including military ones to bring back peace to Syria. Turkey reacted fiercely after the regime allegedly used chemical weapons against civilians and tried to mobilize the international community to respond strongly against Syrian regime.
Turkey and US has a similar approach to Syria conflict and Ankara supported the US in the G-20 summit for giving a strong military response to Syria.
Turkey will opt for a regime change and the ousting of al-Assad in Geneve II conference. Turkey struggles with Syrian refugee problem which strains its resources and social tensions in local communities.
Saudi Arabia has troublesome relations with Syria historically. It wants al-Assad to be ousted and demands a regime change. Saudi Arabia, having a strong position in OIC, backs the US' and Turkey's approach for a strong response against Syria.
Lebanon, Syria's neighboring country, hosts a big number of Syrian refugees and is very sensitive to the conflict within Syria. Hezbollah, a Lebanese paramilitary Shi'ite group that has close ties with Iran, sent its armed forces to Syria to fight alongside the regime forces.
Lebanon might act in line with Russia and Syria in Geneve II conference.
Qatar declared that it would support a possible military strike against Syria and openly supports Syrian opposition.
Jordan also supports a military option in Syria conflict and opts for a regime change. It also hosts almost half a million Syrian refugees in the country.
The current govermnment which came to power after a military coup in July does not support a military option in Syria. Egypt may act in line with the US, Egypt's main financial supporter.
Switzerland, host of the Geneva II conference, demands al-Assad out on the basis of violation of human rights committed during the conflict.
Sweden, hosting the second largest number of Syrian refugees after Turkey in Europe, demands an immediate solution to the crisis and a change of Syrian regime.
Canada demands a political solution to Syria conflict.
Japan acts in line with its main ally, US, and demands regime change in Syria and also sanctions against the regime.
Kuwait, supporting the opposition and contributing to humanitarian aid to the refugees, is clearly against the regime. It nearly halted all economic activity with Syria.
United Arab Emirates (UAE)
UAE demands sanctions against Syrian regime and thoughened its stance after alleged chemical weapons attack by the Syrian regime.
Denmark was one the countries that supported the military option in the beginning of the Syria crisis and it is against the regime.
Italy does not support a military operation in Syria but also wants al-Assad out. It also demands Iran to be included in the conference. Italy may act in accordance with the EU.
Spain, not in favor of a military action in Syria, supported the armament of the opposition and is expected to take sides with opposition in Geneva II conference.
Norway opposes the Syrian regime and is expected to be against the Syrian regime in the conference.
Omman, Morocco and Indonesia are all expected to be against the regime in the conference.
Iraq, a neighboring country of Syria, is negatively affected by the Syria crisis with an outcome of escalated sectarian violence within its own borders. Iraq, having very close relations with Iran, refrain from a clear political stance against the crisis and unlikely to take sides with any party.
Brasil, Algeria, India and South Africa are expected to have a neutral position in the conference.
Syria's Kurds to take part in 'Geneva II' as unified front
Two main Syrian Kurdish groups will participate as a unified front in a planned international peace conference in January next year in Geneva, Switzerland.
The decision came as two main Kurdish groups in Syria came to terms about their participation in the peace conference dubbed as "Geneva II" as well as several other issues after over a week of meetings in Irbil, the capital of Iraq's autonomous Kurdish administration.
Relations between the Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the Kurdish National Council (KNC) have been tense since last month when PYD announced a transitional autonomous administration for Kurdish-majority areas of in Syria without the consent of the KNC.
Syria's Kurdish parties also agreed to keep open the border crossings between Iraq and the Kurdish areas of Syria -- closed since last month due the row between the PYD and the KNC which is supported by Iraq's autonomous Kurdistan region.
The two parties also decided to form an 11-strong committee to ensure that relations run smoothly between Kurds of Syria and Iraq.
Speaking at a press conference on Tuesday, Syrian Kurdish umbrella group Rojova People's Assembly's chairman Abdulselam Ahmed said that the Geneva II meeting will "determine Syria's future" therefore "participation is important for Kurds as a combined delegation."
"Geneva II will be in vain if the Kurdish issue is not discussed. Kurds will go to the conference under a single umbrella. We have always believed that the revolution in Syria will end up with peace".
"Semelka and Peshawur border gates between Syria and the Iraqi Kurdish regional administration will be kept open" said Ahmed. "People have to meet their needs. Border gates should not be made an instrument to politics."
Massoud Barzani, head of the autonomous Kurdish government, as well as Leyla Zana, a Turkish MP of Kurdish descent, and Osman Baydemir, mayor of Turkey's Kurdish-majority city of Diyarbakir also participated in the Irbil meetings.
The Geneva II conference, which is set to kick off on January 22, is aimed to find a resolution to the ongoing crisis and to ensure improved access to those in need of help inside civil war-stricken Syria.Last Mod: 25 Aralık 2013, 10:00