“What happened is a military coup approved by the US and supported by Arab Gulf countries,” Habib, the former deputy chairman of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Freedom and Justice Party (FJP), said in a study.
“Some countries, like Saudi Arabia, did not want a successful democratic Islamist regime, and others, like the United Arab Emirates (UAE), feared economic competition with Egypt,” he charged.
“The US did not want a non-secular regime that produces its own food, medicine and arms.”
The military ousted elected president Mohamed Morsi last week after mass street protests against his regime nationwide.
It announced a roadmap, after consultations with political and religious figures, that included suspending the constitution and naming the head of the constitutional court as interim president.
Thousands of Morsi loyalists have since been out on the streets across the country demanding his reinstatement.
“The military coup was not an accident, it was long in the making,” said Habib, a researcher and politician.
He blamed what happened on the regime of Hosni Mubarak, who was toppled by the January 2011 revolution.
“The (Mubarak regime) kept its control over the central state apparatus, especially the police, the army and the judiciary,” he wrote.
“It used that in implementing the military coup,” Habib said.
He accused the plotters of stymieing the efforts of the president and his government to solve pressing problems such as the fuel shortage and power cuts in order to foment popular anger.
“They also propagated humors and demonized the president’s Muslim Brotherhood,” Habib said.
The Christian researcher said that while the army was not hostile to the Islamic identity of Egypt, it sees the secularization of state as part of national security.