World Bulletin / News Desk
ISIL rebels pushed on with their assault on a Syrian border town on Thursday despite coalition air strikes meant to weaken them, sending thousands more Kurdish refugees into Turkey and dragging Ankara deeper into the conflict.
Kurdish militants warned that peace talks with the Turkish state would come to an end if the rebels were allowed to carry out a massacre in the predominantly Kurdish town of Kobani, pressuring Ankara to act.
ISIL fighters have taken control of hundreds of villages around Kobani, beheading civilians in a bid to terrorise villagers into submission, and have advanced to within kilometres of the town on three sides.
U.S. led forces, which have been bombing ISIL targets elsewhere in Syria since last week, hit a village just south of Kobani on Wednesday and further strikes were heard overnight, Kurdish sources in the town said.
But they seemed to do little to stop the rebels' advance.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which monitors Syria's war, said heavy clashes between ISIL and Kurdish YPG fighters had been continuing on Kobani's eastern and southeastern outskirts for the last 36 hours.
The sound of a large explosion was heard around midnight at the same time as coalition planes were flying overhead, it said.
About 20 explosions were also heard in the areas of the Tishrin dam and town of Manbij roughly 50 km (31 miles) south of Kobani, resulting from missile strikes believed to be carried out by the coalition, the Observatory said.
Idris Nassan, deputy foreign minister in a local Kurdish administration reached by phone in Kobani, said the air strikes were not stopping the ISIL attacks for now.
"I can't tell you that they are effective. But in the long term they will be effective, I'm sure of it," he said.
PRESSURE ON TURKEY
Turkey's parliament will vote later on a motion which would allow the government to authorise cross-border military incursions against ISIL fighters in Syria and Iraq, and allow coalition forces to use Turkish territory.
But President Tayyip Erdogan insists air strikes alone will not contain the ISIL threat and is calling for the ouster of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, an aim not shared by the U.S.-led military coalition.
Turkey accuses Assad of stoking the growth of ISIL through sectarian policies and believes the stability on its 900 km (560 mile) border will only deepen if he clings to power.
It is also reluctant to take action that may strengthen Kurdish fighters allied to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), a militant group that has fought the Turkish state for three decades and with which it is conducting fragile peace talks.
"If this massacre attempt achieves its goal it will end the process (with Turkey)," PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan said in a statement released by a pro-Kurdish party delegation which visited him on Wednesday in his island prison near Istanbul.
"I urge everyone in Turkey who does not want the process and the democracy voyage to collapse to take responsibility in Kobani," he said in the statement.
Kurdish forces allied to the PKK, the People's Defence Units (YPG), are fighting against the ISIL insurgents attacking Kobani. The PKK is designated a terrorist group by Turkey, the United States and European Union.
"EXISTENTIAL THREAT" TO TURKEY
Iraqi Kurdish troops drove ISIL fighters from a strategic border crossing with Syria on Tuesday and won the support of members of a major Sunni Muslim tribe, in one of the biggest successes since U.S. forces began bombing the rebels.
But militants took control of most of the western Iraqi town of Hit in Anbar province early on Thursday, security sources and local officials said.
The United States has been carrying out strikes in Iraq against the militant group since July and in Syria since last week with the help of Arab allies. Britain and France have also struck ISIL targets in Iraq.
But ISIL fighters on the border with Turkey, which hosts a U.S. air base at its southern town of Incirlik not so far used in the air strikes, have yet to be dislodged.
"(ISIL) is Turkey's greatest existential threat since 1946, when Joseph Stalin demanded that Ankara cede control of the Bosphorus and other territory to the Soviet Union," said Soner Cagaptay, director of the Turkish Research Program at The Washington Institute.
"Erdogan and Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu know that only the United States has the necessary military hardware and intelligence assets to defeat ISIL in the long term," he said, forecasting that while Turkey would offer logistics and intelligence support, it was unlikely to wholeheartedly back a military strategy that does not target Assad.
Erdogan said on Wednesday that Turkey's priority was also to enable the 1.5 million refugees it has taken in from Syria's conflict to return home. He has been pushing for a no-fly zone enforced by the U.S.-led coalition to protect a safe haven on the Syrian side of the border where refugees could be sheltered, an idea that has yet to gain traction in Washington.
More than 150,000 refugees have fled Kobani over the past two weeks alone, with a steady exodus continuing. Officials from Turkey's AFAD disaster management agency said some 4,000 crossed on Wednesday, and a similar figure the day before.Güncelleme Tarihi: 02 Ekim 2014, 12:24