In a statement, Hamas spokesman Sami Abu Zuhri dubbed the attack "a form of Israeli terrorism."
Abu Zuhri blamed Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Jewish "settler gangs" for the attack, calling for Arab-Muslim action against Israel's practice of "targeting" Palestinian houses of worship.
Earlier in the day, residents of Al-Jabaa village near the southern West Bank city of Bethlehem awoke to find the village's Al-Huda Mosque in flames.
Village council head Noman Hemdan told The Anadolu Agency that suspected Jewish settlers had stormed the village in the early morning, torched the mosque, and sprayed anti-Arab and anti-Muslim graffiti – including "death to Arabs!" – on the mosque's walls.
Numerous attacks by Jewish settlers on Muslim places of worship – dubbed "price tag" attacks – have been reported recently across the self-proclaimed Jewish state and in the Israeli-occupied West Bank.
"Price tag" refers to a strategy adopted by extremist Jewish settlers of attacking Palestinians and their property in retaliation for perceived threats to Israeli settlement expansion.
Such attacks have recently increased in frequency in both Israel and the West Bank.
While the incidents have drawn public censure from Netanyahu, Palestinian officials say they often occur while Israeli troops and police look on passively.