The Turkish Armed Forces (TSK) have confirmed media reports that the TSK has signed a new protocol with the Interior Ministry giving provincial governors the authority to call in military units in the event of social unrest.
The Milliyet daily on Friday characterized the new protocol as the civilian version of the now-abolished and controversial Protocol on Cooperation for Security and Public Order (EMASYA), which authorized the military to gather intelligence of internal threats and conduct operations in cities without the approval of the civilian government.
The TSK confirmed the new protocol in a statement on Monday, saying it was signed with the Interior Ministry on April 18, 2013.
It said that the protocol allows the military to intervene in “social incidents” and "terrorism-related incidents" if requested by the governor of the province concerned.
In a landmark move in 2010, the Justice and Development Party (AK Party) government repealed EMASYA, which had been the target of strong criticism.
The controversial EMASYA protocol was signed by the General Staff and the Interior Ministry on July 7, 1997, and empowered the military to intervene in social unrest on its own accord.
The new protocol is based on Article 11/D of City Administration Law No. 5442 and a Cabinet decision dated March 5, 2012.
Governors, taking into account military commanders' opinions, will decide how long military units can stay in their provinces.
In case of social unrest, the protocol also authorizes the interior ministry to appoint a temporary governor to deal with incidents in one or more provinces. The temporary governor would establish a chain of command and decide where to deploy troops.
The commanders of military units deployed in provinces to quell social unrest will choose their own officers, according to media reports.
CihanGüncelleme Tarihi: 02 Temmuz 2013, 10:25