Turkey adopts article on closure of political parties, talks go on

With the changes, Parliament will decide whether to open up a closure case against a political party.

Turkey adopts article on closure of political parties, talks go on

Turkish Parliament adopted article 8 of a constitutional amendment package late on Wednesday.

The article 8 on closure of political parties was adopted with 337 against 72 votes, while five abstained during the voting joined by 414 deputies, Anadolu news agency said. 

Several deputies from Peace & Democracy Party (BDP) --which earlier did not participate in the voting of other articles-- also joined the voting of the article 8.

Turkish parliament debated and voted articles 6 and 7 of the constitutional reform package.

A total of 408 deputies attended the secret voting of Article 6 on "collective bargaining." 336 deputies approved the article, while 70 objected.

After discussion on Article 7 on "the right for strike and lockout," 408 deputies cast votes, 335 of whom said "Yes" to the article, 69 objected, three lawmakers abstained and one vote was empty.

The Parliament will continue to debate the bill on Thursday.

"Article 8"

With the changes, Parliament will decide whether to open up a closure case against a political party.

Accordingly, in line with a request from the Court of Appeals Republican Prosecutor, each Party with a group in Parliament will be represented in a commission by 5 members each.

Closure cases will be possible only with 2/3rds majority of the commission members. Bans from politics will be reduced from 5 years to 3.

Parliament Speaker will preside over the Commission but will not vote. Opinions mentioned in Parliament, actions of the administration will not be used in determining a focal point in Party closures

Financial inspections of political parties will be carried out by the Court of Account and not the Constitutional Court. Civil servants will be able to carry out collective agreements, and limitations on strikes and lock-outs will be lifted. 

"Reforms"

The parliament will continue discussing the bill without interruption, except April 23, when the parliament will convene for a special session to mark the Children's and National Sovereignty Day.

The Constitutional Committee of the Turkish parliament adopted on April 13 the constitutional amendment bill with some changes.

The bill is comprised of 27 articles.

The Parliamentary General Assembly debates constitutional amendment bills in two rounds.

In the first round, the parliament holds a secret vote on each article after speeches on the bill and its articles.

Therefore, the parliament will hold 30 secret ballots on this bill in the first round, including the whole of the bill, and 27 articles, one of which covers three provisional articles.

According to parliament by-laws, the second round can start at least 48 hours after the first-round ends.

There will be no speeches in the second round, however MPs can speak on motions if motions are submitted on articles of the constitutional amendment bill.

Thirty secret ballots will also be held in the second round.

The bill can be adopted only by secret votes of three-fifth majority of the parliament, which is equal to votes of 330 MPs.

The president can veto the constitutional amendment bills, and send them back to the parliament for a review.

If the parliament re-adopts the vetoed bill with two-thirds majority of the parliament (equals to 367 votes), the president can call for a referendum.

If the bill is adopted by votes below 367 and if it is not vetoed by the president, it will be published in the Official Gazette to be put to referendum.

According to the Constitution, the president can call for a referendum on constitutional amendment bills or their articles, adopted by two-thirds of majority of the parliament, directly or if s/he vetoes them.

The constitutional amendment bills or their articles which are not put to referendum are published in the Official Gazette.

On March 30, Turkish government made public its new constitutional amendment bill, comprised of 27 articles. It envisages amendments to the structure of the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Council of Judges and Prosecutors (HSYK), and closure of political parties.

It will abolish the provisional article 15 of the constitution which does not allow trial of the members of the Council of National Security formed after the military intervention on September 12, 1980.

The bill will also abolish the ban on right to general strike; paves the way for a citizen to become a member of more than one union, and the civil servants and other public officials the right to collective bargaining.

It also paves the way for trial of parliament speaker, chief of general staff, and senior commanders by the High Tribunal on charges of crimes they commit regarding their positions.

If the bill is to be put to referendum, it will be voted as a whole.


Agencies

Last Mod: 22 Nisan 2010, 11:01
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