Turkish PM abolishes coup desicions

The decisions of the February 28 coup annulled by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan by a circular

Turkish PM abolishes coup desicions

World Bulletin / News Desk

All decisions taken as a result of postmodern military coup of February 28 abolished after a circular issued, which has the signature of Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Turkish daily Star published the circular labeled as "hidden" and signed by the Prime Minister. The circular and the attached file state that all kinds of decisions, orders and instructions taken by the National Security Council (NSC) during the period of postmodern military coup abolished.

According to the report, Prime Minister Erdogan sent the circular to the Ministry of Internal Affairs on 14 December 2010, which includes the decisions of NSC meetings and circulars signed by the prime ministers of and the period.

The document states that "Circulars and instructions specified in the list, as well as action plans, guidelines, instructions, directives and other regulations put into effect by the Prime Ministery and by other public agencies and institutions in relation to them repealed. Signature: Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Prime Minister"

The 1997 military memorandum refers to the decisions issued by the Turkish Military leadership on a National Securtiy Council meeting at 28 February 1977 which initiated the 28 February process that precipitated the resignation of prime minister Necmettin Erbakan of the Welfare Party and the end of his coalition government. As the Erbakan government was forced out without dissolving the parliament or suspending the constitution, the event has been labelled a "postmodern coup" by Salim Dervisoglu, a label that has stuck.

The events of 1997 were dubbed the "post-modern coup" as the generals used pressure behind the scenes to force Necmettin Erbakan from power, in contrast to the direct intervention of three outright military coups in Turkey in 1960, 1971 and 1980.The coup introduced a series of bans for pious people.

The parliamentary Coup and Memorandum Investigation Commission has indicated that the US State Department sent a cable to the US Embassy in Ankara in 1996 telling embassy officials to convince the Turkish military to take action against the government of the time.

The parliamentary commission prepared a report about the Feb. 28, 1997 military coup, which contained the cable, which was labeled confidential and urgent and sent to the US Embassy in Ankara.

This message, which bears the signature of then-US Secretary of State Warren Christopher, said: “We are deeply concerned about the prime ministry of Necmettin Erbakan. The Turkish military should be convinced to take action.”

The cable also stated that the US I was very much concerned about Erbakan having close relations with Arab and Muslim countries. The encrypted message was also reportedly sent to the US missions in Athens, Beirut, Moscow, Sofia and Geneva. The message says Turkey's aim to strengthen relations with Iran, Iraq, Libya, Nigeria and Sudan ran contrary to US national interests.

The cable also accused the True Path Party (DYP), Erbakan's coalition partner, of failing to moderate Erbakan's pro-Islamic discourse that having a coalition government with RP seemed unfruitful.

“We believe that [True Path Party (DYP) leader] Tansu Çiller's withdrawal from the coalition government will lead to the fall of the Erbakan government, paving the way for early elections in the country. Although this is not certain, the RP will return to power stronger than before,” the cable said.

Before his death, Erbakan talked about the controversial US cable and said the Feb. 28 intervention took place after orders from the United States.

Güncelleme Tarihi: 19 Ağustos 2013, 13:49