World Bulletin / News Desk
Muslims in Turkey welcome the holy month of Ramadan with the first Tarawih prayer on Monday.
First Ramadan meal before dawn during Ramadan (suhoor) in Turkey will clock in northeastern city of Ardahan at 2.39 a.m. and last one in southwestern city of Mugla at 4.02 a.m., where first breaking of the Ramadan fast (iftar) will take place at 19.38 p.m in southeastern city of Hakkari and last in nothwestern city of Edirne at 20.59 p.m..
Ankara residents will spend the hours between 3.27 a.m. - 20.28 p.m. fasting and Istanbulites between 3.35 a.m. - 20.47 p.m.
The Religious Affairs of Turkey specified the theme of 2013 Ramadan as "Halal income-halal livelihood".
Fasting during Ramadan is one of the Five Pillars (fundamental religious duties) of Islam. It is a time of self-examination and increased religious devotion.
Many Muslims, except children, the sick and the elderly, abstain from food, drink, and certain other activities during daylight hours in Ramadan.
The first Tarawih, special prayers which are held in mosques every night of the month, begins on Monday, 8th of July.
Many Muslims perform these prayers in the evening, during which a section of the holy Qur'an is recited.
It is recommended that Muslims attend the tarawih prayers in the mosque to pray in congregation. This is true for both men and women. However, one may also perform the prayers individually at home. These prayers are voluntary, but are strongly recommended and widely practised.
People of Islamic faith are encouraged to read the entire Qur'an during Ramadan which is also a month for acts of charity. There are many Islamic organizations that actively take part in charity events and activities such as giving basic necessities, including food and clothing, to the needy people.