The most important events of 2013

On the last day of 2013, World Bulletin looks back on the major events that took place around the world.

The most important events of 2013

January

11 January: France dispatched troops to Mali.

15 January: Europe gripped by horse meat scandal.

16-20 January: Al-Qaeda linked rebels occupy a natural gas plant in southern Algeria, taking more than 800 workers hostage. In the following raid by the Algerian army, 39 hostages and 29 rebels are killed.

21 January: Barack Obama begins his second term as US president.

February

12 February: North Korea explodes nuclear bomb underground in a weapons test, leading to widespread condemnation and further sanctions against the communist state.

15 February: 1,491 people are injured as a meteor strikes the Russian city of Chelyabinsk.

28 February: Pope Benedict XVI becomes the first pope to resign since Gregory XII in 1415.

March

5 March: Venezuela president Hugo Chavez passes away at the age of 58 following his battle with cancer.

10 March: North Korea threatens pre-emptive nuclear strikes against the US. The next day it pulls out of a 60-year-old armistice with South Korea, which ended the Korean War in 1953.

11 March: The Falkland Islands votes to remain as a British overseas territory in a referendum. Argentina, increasing its claims for sovereignty over the islands, later says it does not recognize the referendum.

13 March: Argentine Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio is elected as the new pope.

21 March: Turkey’s militant Kurdish PKK leader Abdullah Ocalan declares a ceasefire between the PKK and the Turkish state.

22 March: Israel apologizes to Turkey for massacring 9 Turkish citizens in international waters in May 2010 when the Mavi Marmara-led aid flotilla attempt to break an Israeli blockade on Gaza.

24 March: Central African Republic president Francois Bozize flees the county as Seleke rebels from the Muslim north conduct a coup on the Bangui-based government.

25 March: Cyprus is granted a $13 billion bailout by the European Union and the IMF, but riots break out when investors discover that the deal includes raising $7.5bn by taxing bank deposits.

April

1 April: North Korea president Kim Jong-un announces plans to expand his nation’s nuclear capability despite UN warnings.

8 April: Margaret Thatcher, the UK’s first woman prime minister from 1979 to 1990, dies aged 87.

14 April: Hugo Chavez’s right-hand man Nicolas Maduro elected as Venezuela’s new president after Chavez’s death.

15 April: 5 people are killed in the US after two bombs detonate near the finish line at the Boston marathon. The FBI later claim two brothers, Dzhokhar and Tamerlan Tsarnaev, are responsible for the bombings. Three days later Tamerlan is killed and Dzhokhar is captured.

24 April: 1,129 people are killed when the Rana Plaza commercial building collapses in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

May

11 May: 52 people are killed in Turkey’s south-eastern city of Reyhanli in the Hatay province, near to the Syrian border, an indication of the spread of the Syrian conflict to Turkey

28 May: Turkey’s biggest riots in recent history break out after protests attempting to obstruct a government plan to redevelop the popular Gezi Park in Istanbul’s Taksim district turn into a violent demonstration calling for Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s resignation. The protests last two weeks.

June

6 June: The US surveillance agency NSA is exposed after details are leaked to the media by defector Edward Snowden, who then escapes to Hong Kong.

7 June: Seven civilians are killed by a US drone in a village in Pakistan’s North Waziristan province along the Afghanistan border, prompting increased pressure against the US drone program.

14 June: 5,700 killed in flashfloods and landslides in India’s Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh states.

15 June: Hassan Rouhani becomes new president of Iran, making promises of moderation and dialogue to end the crisis regarding Iran’s nuclear program.

17-18 June: The G8 summit takes place at Lough Erne in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland.

30 June: Mass protests against the elected Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi are organized by opposition group Tamarod.

July

1 July: Colombia’s FARC rebels announce ceasefire.

1 July: Croatia becomes 28th state and the first ex-Yugoslavian state to join the European Union.

3 July: Egyptian General Abdel-Fattah el-Sisi conducts a military coup against the elected president Mohamed Morsi.

6 July: A runaway train carrying crude oil explodes, killing 47 people in the Canadian state of Quebec.

22 July: Britain’s Prince William and wife Princess Catherine announce the birth of their first son and third heir to the throne Prince George.

24 July: 78 people are killed in a train crash in Spain’s Santiago de Compostela.

August

1 August: Russia grants US defector Edward Snowden one-year temporary political asylum.

14 August: Egyptian coup forces massacres hundreds of anti-coup demonstrators in Cairo’s Rabia al-Adawiyya Square. Official figures state 638 people were killed, while other sources put it closer to 2,000.

21 August: The US sentences Bradley Manning to 35 years for leaking confidential government information to the WikiLeaks website.

21 August: Around 1,429 people are killed in chemical attacks in the suburbs of Damascus, with opposition groups blaming Syria’s regime leader Bashar al-Assad.

September

4 September: The US Senate Foreign Relations Committee backs military action against Syria.

9 September: Russia intervenes as US forces prepare to launch a ‘limited’ attack on Bashar al-Assad’s regime targets, leading to Syria agreeing to handover its arsenal of chemical weapons.

19 September: Russia arrests a group of Greenpeace known as “The Arctic 30” for protesting against Russian oil exploration in the Arctic Sea.

21 September: 62 people are killed in Kenya’s capital Nairobi when Al-Shabaab fighters from Somalia attack the Westgate shopping center.

October

3 October: 359 migrants died when a boat carrying them from Libya to the Italian island of Lampedusa capsized. More incidents of a similar nature also followed as the Mediterranean became a watery graveyard for people trying to escape violence in Africa and the Middle-East.

16 October: The US narrowly avoids defaulting on its debt one night before a debt ceiling deadline after Democrats and Republicans struggled to reach a deal.

18 October: Saudi Arabia rejects a seat offered at the United Nations Security Council.

22 October: France’s Le Monde newspaper revealed claims that the NSA spied on French diplomats.

29 October: Crowds gather at the opening ceremony of the Marmaray tunnel that goes under the Bosphoros Sea to connect the Asian and European sides of Turkey’s commercial capital Istanbul.

November

1 November: Proposed talks between the Pakistani government and Taliban rebels are derailed when a US drone strike kills Tehrik-e-Taliban leader Hakimullah Mehsud.

2 November: East Libya declares independence from the Tripoli-based government.

8 November: Typhoon Haiyan hits the killing around 6,000 people are killed as nearly 2 million people are left homeless.

16 November: The president of the autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government of northern Iraq, Massoud Barzani, makes a historical visit to Turkey’s mainly Kurdish south-eastern city Diyarbakir, in a symbolic gesture signifying the unity of Turks and Kurds.

17 November: Reports leaked by Edward Snowden reveal US and British spying on Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel.

20 November: Afghanistan commences the Loya Jirga meeting of elders, calling for the withdrawal of occupying US troops.

21 November: Ukraine is gripped by protests by pro-EU demonstrators after the government declared its decision to freeze negotiations.

24 November: The P5+1 meeting in Geneva between Iran and western powers result in Iran agreeing to limit its nuclear program in return for the relaxing of sanctions.

25 November: Anti-government protests sweep Thailand as demonstrators storm government buildings, forcing them to close.

27 November: The Italian parliament expels former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi after being found guilty of tax fraud.

December

5 December: Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s first post-apartheid black president, dies aged 95.

6 December: France sends troops to intervene between Muslim Seleke and Christian anti-Balaka militias in the Central African Republic.

9 December: North Korean president Kim Jong-un ordered the executiong of his uncle Jang Song-Thaek.

10 December: Storm Alexa sends a cold snap throughout the Levant, causing snow to cover the Egyptian pyramids for the first time in 112 years.

12 December: Bangladesh hangs Jamaat-e-Islami leader Abdul Quader Mollah.

15 December: South Sudan president Salva Kiir survives a coup attempt against his government.

15 December: Hundreds of civilians are killed as Syria’s Bashar al-Assad regime begins a campaign of barrel bombing over the city of Aleppo.

17 December: Anti-graft operations result in the arrest of a number of bureaucrats loyal to Turkey’s ruling AK Party government, as a rivalry between Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and former ally Fethullah Gulen, who heads the most influential lobby in Turkey, leads to a state crisis.

23 December: Mikhail Kalashnikov, the inventor of the AK47, dies.

29-30 December: Bomb attacks in the Russian city Volgograd by resistance groups in the Caucuses threaten the veer the planned Winter Olympics in nearby Sochi off-track.

Güncelleme Tarihi: 01 Ocak 2014, 08:44
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