Akdogan told a Turkish TV station that his country rejects all forms of violence and terror and that Turkey adopts a firm stance against the Paris attacks that left 17 people dead.
"This is clearly a terrorist act,” he said. “Turkey reacted immediately after the attacks."
Meanwhile, Akdogan said that Muslims in Europe are worried about the rise of Islamophobia.
"Muslims and other foreigners in Europe are starting to feel worried about the impact of these incidents on their lives,” Akdogan said.
French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo released its first issue on January 14 since the brutal attack on its offices, with a new cartoon resembling Prophet Muhammad on the cover.
In the latest issue of the magazine, the cartoon character, dressed in white, can be seen shedding a tear and holding a "Je suis Charlie" sign below the headline "All is Forgiven."
The cartoons were also published in six languages by daily newspapers across the world, including Turkish daily Cumhuriyet.
"The use of techniques, such as cartoons and columns, cannot hide the reality of the insults and crimes against sacred religious beliefs," Akdogan said.
Istanbul’s chief public prosecutor's office launched an investigation involving two Cumhuriyet columnists accused of "promoting hatred and public enmity, and insulting religious values."